Half of the provincial X Ales, those from Tetley and William Younger, have the simplest grist of all: 100% pale malt. The beers from Usher and Hodgson both contain a smidgen of black malt, presumably as colouring. The Usher beer also has some high-dried malt., whatever that means. It's such a vague term - apparently covering everything from slightly darker pale malt through to almost brown malt. I'll leave you to guess which end of the spectrum this malt lies at.
I'd expected the sugar content in London Milds. All but one Barclay Perkins X Ale contain some. In the 15-20% range that you would expect. But where are the adjuncts? Not a single beer has any maize or rice. I'm surprised.
The provincial brewers seem to have been less keen on sugar. Truman's Burton brewery used a little. Only Hodgson used an amount similar to the London brewers. What they did use though was a bit of black malt. A couple of them. I've seen odd examples very small quantities used in X Ales from the first half of the 19th century. It got more common towards the end of the century, but was still by no means universal.
Unfortunately, in many cases the brewing records don't specify the type of sugar. Is it No. 1 invert or No. 3 invert? Or is it something completely different? No idea is the only answer I can give you. I'd need to go rummaging through their purchase records or stock books (if they still exist) to work that out.
Next time it'll be 1900 or so. At least that's the plan. But you know me. My plans are elastic.
|London X Ale grists in the 1880's|
|Date||Year||Brewer||Beer||Style||OG||FG||ABV||App. Atten-uation||lbs hops/ qtr||hops lb/brl||pale malt||brown malt||amber malt||no. 1 sugar||no. 3 sugar||Other sugar|
|4th May||1886||Barclay Perkins||X||Mild||1055.0||1010.0||5.96||81.87%||6.42||1.61||81.82%||18.18%|
|24th Jun||1886||Barclay Perkins||X||Mild||1064.0||1015.0||6.49||76.63%||8.00||1.97||72.57%||27.43%|
|3rd May||1887||Barclay Perkins||XX||Mild||1078.0||1024.9||7.02||68.04%||16.00||5.85||85.71%||14.29%|
|19th May||1886||Truman||X Ale||Mild||1052.6||8.0||1.88||86.30%||13.70%|
|19th May||1886||Truman||X Ale||Mild||1058.7||8.0||2.09||86.30%||13.70%|
|Whitbread brewing records held at the London Metropolitan Archives document numbers LMA/4453/D/01/051 and LMA/4453/D/01/052.|
|Barclay Perkins brewing record held at the London Metropolitan Archives document number ACC/2305/1/584.|
|Truman brewing record held at the London Metropolitan Archives document number B/THB/C/166.|
|Provincial X Ale grists in the 1880's|
|Date||Year||Brewer||Beer||Style||OG||FG||ABV||App. Atten-uation||lbs hops/ qtr||hops lb/brl||pale malt||black malt||sugar||high dried malt|
|22nd May||1885||William Younger||X||Mild||1048||1009||5.16||81.25%||5.29||0.99||100.00%|
|24th May||1885||William Younger||XX||Mild||1056||1012||5.82||78.57%||6.19||1.53||100.00%|
|1st June||1885||William Younger||XXX||Mild||1065||1021||5.82||67.69%||6.67||1.86||100.00%|
|9th Jan||1885||Thomas Usher||X||Mild||1050||1013||4.89||74.00%||9.00||2.00||94.55%||0.47%||4.98%|
|18th Jan||1887||Truman (Burton)||A||Mild||1052.1||1012.2||5.28||76.60%||7.19||1.40||95.74%||4.26%|
|18th Jan||1887||Truman (Burton)||8||Mild||1054.0||1013.9||5.31||74.36%||7.19||1.45||95.74%||4.26%|
|8th Feb||1887||Truman (Burton)||7||Mild||1061.2||1016.6||5.90||72.85%||5.90||1.46||94.74%||5.26%|
|19th Jan||1887||Truman (Burton)||6||Mild||1066.5||1019.9||6.16||70.00%||6.64||1.95||89.55%||10.45%|
|Tetley brewing record held at the West Yorkshire Archive Service, Leeds document number WYL756/44/ACC1903|
|William Younger brewing record held at the Scottish Brewing Archive document number WY/6/1/2/31|
|Thomas Usher brewing record held at the Scottish Brewing Archive document number TU/6/1/1.|
|Truman brewing record held at the London Metropolitan Archives document number B/THB/BUR/11.|
|Hodgson brewing record held at the London Metropolitan Archives document number ACC/2305/08/253.|