Monday, 21 January 2019

Franconian Anstich Fest

I'm turning into a right lazy git in my old age. Turning? If I'm honest, I've always been a lazty git. How much I could have achievbed with a little more diligence.

For someone as lethargic as me, the Franconian Anstich Fest on Saturday was perfect, being just around the corner, at Butcher's Tears. The closest brewery to my house by quite a way. Not that I would have missed a chance to drink gravity-served Franconian beer. A rarre treat. I'd even have endured the tourist hell that is the city centre for some of that lovely Franconian stuff.

Persuading Dolores to tag along was easy enough. "None of that weird modern stuff, just proper drinking beer." I guaranteed her. I know the sort of stuff she likes. And it isn't beer that looks like orange juice.

Just half an after kickoff, we turned up. Which meant we got seats. A little later and we'd have struggled. Heartening, as I wanted the event to be a success. Because then it might be repeated. And I could slurp back more of that lovely German beer.

No dicsussion about where to start: Monchsambacher Lagerbier. I've only had it once before and it blew me away. And that was after several days drinking top-class Franconian beer. Big one for me, small one for Dolores. It didn't disappoint.

Gradl Leupser Dunkel next. Man, what a lovely drinking beer. It did that suicidal thing where it threw itself down my throat before I could stop it. Best have another just to make sure of it delightfulness.

"What do youi fancy next, Dolores?"

"The Helles."

It's Schlenkerla Helles. "You do realise that's a smoked beer?" I warn.

"I'll have something else, then."

"It's not really smoky. Just a tiny little bit."

Graham Povery confirmed its very slight smokiness. I'm not sure believed me. Dolores took his word for it and got a half..

"See, not really smoky, is it?"

"No, not like that horrible bacon beer." Praise indeed.

I finished with another Gradl Dunkel. Such a lovely beer. Not even heard of it before.

A really great little festival. And only €4.50 for a half litre. Early to say this, but it might well be one of the highlights of my year.

Sunday, 20 January 2019

Be careful what you say down the pub (part two)

WW II is often viewed in the UK as  at time when the whole country pulled together and the "Blitz spirit" of plucky Brits saw off - and even laughed at - the Nazi thereat.

As always, the reality was far more complicated. Cases like the one below tend to be forgotten, not fitting with the received narrative about the war.

What's interesting about this case is that the accused was a regula army officer. not some weirdo lefty conscientious objector.

Major To Pay Twenty Guineas Costs

Allegations that he had made defeatist statements in the bar of the ‘Queen’s Head and Artichoke’ public house, Albany street Regents Park, were made at Marylebone Police Court against Major Arthur Burleigh Patrick Love Vincent, M.C., forty-eight, independent, of Linden-gardens, Bayswater.

Major Vincent was charged with making public statements of matters connected with the war which were likely to cause despondency. He pleaded not guilty.

Mr. H. A. K. Morgan, for the Director of Public Prosecutions, said that accused was understood have served in the Army from 1914 until 1940 and the reserve until 1940. He was obviously an educated man, said counsel, and might expected to show an example of cheerfulness and courage instead of which he had been making, if evidence was correct, the most defeatist statements in public.

Detectives Thom and Cameron, who were in the bar at the time said that accused said in a loud voice that could heard all over the bar:- The British Empire was rotten in 1914 and I still hold the same opinion . . .  Churchill is leading this nation to ruin. We have not the tanks to compete with the Germans . . The British race is effete.... I was in charge three tanks and I should have had eighteen. We will never win like that."

The officers said that the accused then saw them looking at him and he said to them "What are you looking so sour about?"

Det. Thomson told Mr. Edwards to take his friend (the accused) away as they did not like his talk, and he also advised the accused to stop talking that way.

The accused continued his talk and said: This country is bound to lose the war... The British Army is rotten to the core."  Looking round he said "Anyone disagreeing with me can have a pot at me." He was quite sober.

Outside the public house he was arrested for making statements likely cause alarm or despondency. He struggled to get away but was taken the police station.

Mr. Addiss, defending suggested that what officers did not hear might have made a difference to the meaning.

Florence Briggs the licensee of the house and another civilian said they overheard the accused make similar statements.

Major Vincent said he was patriotic man and one of the "Old Contemptibles". During the last war he won the M C. and bar. He was discussing the last war with Mr Edwards who had been orderly room sargeant in his regiment, the Dragoon Guards.

He never said anything unpatriotic or likely to spread alarm, and certainly did not make the statements attributed to him or anything like them.

Mr. Morgan: Were you a little tight on this night? Accused No.

Asked why he had been on the unemployment list, he said he had a "foolish difference" with someone. He was likely to be called up again he added.

John Ernest Edwards, the accused's former sergeant, of Colosseum-terrace. N. W. 1., said that  the accused never said anything to which "old soldier” could take exception: he became rather “bellicose and truculent" when spoken to by the officers.

Mr. L. E. Dunne, the Magistrate, said that he had no doubt that made use of staements which were likely cause alarm or despodency. He thought that the accused was half drunk and could only hope, that the accused was not, under the influence of drink, voicing his true opinions. So as not to impair his udefulness as an officer, he discharged him conditionally for twelve mouths, and ordered him pay twenty guineas costs."
Marylebone Mercury - Saturday 08 November 1941. page 1.
Freedom of speech? Not really. The (probably) red-faced major had some good points. The British Empire was pretty rotten.

The Queen’s Head and Artichoke is a pretty ace name for a pub. And i see that it still exists:

Queens Head & Artichoke
30-32 Albany St,
London NW1 4EA.

Saturday, 19 January 2019

Let's Brew - 1939 Tetley K

Three Milds, a Strong Ale and a Bitter. Tetley’s range wasn’t huge when WW II kicked off. Note that they didn’t brew a Stout of any description. Which is odd, given that it was still a popular style in bottled form. I suppose they must have supplied their tied houses with another brewery’s Stout.

K had been around since at least 1868, though the early versions were very different. They had a similar gravity to the 1939 version, but were extremely lightly hopped. I really don’t know what style you’d call it. Then in the 1880s it was transformed into their second-string Pale Ale, with pretty decent hopping. Though, at 10 lbs per quarter of malt (336 lbs), still well short of PA’s 16 lbs. WW I killed off PA and K continued as Tetley’s sole Pale Ale.

With an OG in the high 1040º’s, K would have counted as a standard Bitter between the wars. It probably retailed for 7d per pint, in a public bar.

There’s not much to the recipe: pale malt and sugar. The latter being something called ARC. No idea what that was so I’ve substituted No. 1 invert. The malt was half English, half Californian.

The hops were slightly different from their other beers: all Kent from the 1937 and 1938 harvest, most kept in a cold store.

1939 Tetley K
pale malt 7.50 lb 75.00%
No. 1 invert 2.50 lb 25.00%
Fuggles 120 mins 0.75 oz
Fuggles 90 mins 0.50 oz
Goldings 30 mins 0.50 oz
Goldings dry hops 0.50 oz
OG 1047.5
FG 1011.6
ABV 4.75
Apparent attenuation 75.58%
IBU 22.5
Mash at 155º F
Sparge at 165º F
Boil time 120 minutes
pitching temp 62º F
Yeast Wyeast 1469 West Yorkshire Ale

Friday, 18 January 2019

Be careful what you say down the pub

Though the pub was recognised as a useful place where people could discuss events and undergo a sort of group therapy, there were limits to what you could say.

Bullshitting could get you into a whole load of trouble. And possibly get you fined or even jailed. Anything considered alarmist and untrue was looked on very badly by the authorities.

First example is of the very aptly-named sailor, Mr. Shipp:


Arthur Henry John Shipp (aged 23), a naval stoker, was fined £5 at Portsmouth to-day for communicating false information to the public by talking in a public house.

Three witnesses stated that when Shipp went into public bar last night he said that in the event of an enemy landing Portsmouth Guildhall and other public buildings, which had been mined in readiness, would be blown up as a measure of defence.

Police-sergeant Barnes said that he heard the barmaid ask Shipp if it was right about the Guildhall being mined, and Shipp said it was.

Shipp told the magistrates that on joining in the general conversation he was asked if he thought we were prepared, and he said the Navy had certain mobile units like the artillery and he thought it was probable that public buildings would be blown up for defensive purposes. "
Birmingham Mail - Monday 27 May 1940, page 8.
The next teller of ridiculous tales suffered an even worse fate. Though, to be honest, it sounds as if the man was suffering some sort of mental illness:


"That he unlawfully published a statement that there would be air raid over Bath between midnight on July 5th and 4.30 a.m. on July 6th, which was likely to cause alarm."

When this charge was preferred against a man at Bath Police Court on Saturday. Det.-Inspector T. J. Coles told a remarkable story of statements alleged to have been made by accused in a public house on the previous evening.

In the dock was David Nicholson (49), giving as his address the Carfax Hotel. He was remanded in custody for a week and the magistrates intimated that during the remand period he would be medically examined.

Inspector Coles informed the court that although an arrest had been made no further proceedings could be taken without the consent of the Attorney-General.

What Police Officer Overheard.
At nine o'clock the previous evening Det.-Sergt. Skirton received certain information and went to the Pulteney Arms public house, Bathwick. At 9.10 p.m. Nicholson entered the lounge and sat beside three ladies there. He ordered drinks and then commenced conversation with the ladies.

Sergt. Skirton overheard him say "They bombed _____ last night, and I brought down four Boches." From his pocket he took a paper and showed it to the ladies.

The sergeant made an arrangement whereby one of the ladies introduced him to prisoner, and he commenced conversation with him. He produced a paper which he said had been issued by a Government Department. It described him as a Group Captain of the R.A.F. and mentioned that his decorations were the D.F.C. D.S.0., M.C. and bar, and C.B.E.

He told the police officer he was attached to ______ aerodrome, that he was up every night in his plane, and that on the previous night he was up with one of the sons of a Mr. Jolly.

"Piloting the Plane."
Accused informed the sergeant that he was piloting the plane and in the course the journey told Mr. Jolly take the plane over. Just as he had taken over the "joystick" the Boche put 15 bullets into his back and killed him.

Accused also said to the officer that an air raid would start that night and last until 4.30 the next morning.

He produced a photograph of a plane which he said was his and indicated the position of certain machine guns on it.

The officer was not satisfied and took prisoner to the police station, where he tried to tear up the piece of paper he had shown.

Inspector Coles added that Nicholson stated he was employed in the Civil Service, but he found that he was dismissed from it on May 23rd.

The magistrates were Alderman T. Sturge Cotterell (in the chair), Alderman A. W Wills and Mr. E. Barnett. "
Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette - Saturday 13 July 1940, page 15.

I assume the medical examination was to feel his bumps to see if he was crazy or not. His stories are pretty unbelievable. Especially calling his colleague Mr. Jolly undermines his credibility.

Looking people up for talking crap down the pub doesn't seem that unreasonable to me.  If applied today, it would certainly help overcrpowding at the bar.

Thursday, 17 January 2019

Pubs and bombs

The war caused many inconveniences for pubs and their landlords. Not just shortages of beer and other drinks, but also ones caused by enemy action.

Even if the worst didn’t happen – the pub being damaged or destroyed by bombs – the mere threat of an air raid could severely curtail a pub’s trade. Pubs in the centre of towns – which were more likely to be bombed and to which many customers had to travel – were particularly badly affected.

"As with the 'buses, public houses also have found their evening trade adversely affected now that the sirens are sounding the warnings earlier, the last half-hour of public house hours, normally the busiest time of all, having now become the slackest.

Where hitherto the reflection has been that there is still time for “just another one." now customers are, quite wisely, more con-cerned about getting to their homes.

Licensees in the centre the town, interviewed by the “Observer." all tell similar stories of how the earlier warnings have left them with comparatively empty bars, smokerooms and lounges.

“As black-out time approaches." said the licensee of one hotel, “you hear customers saying not ‘Well, we'll have another.’ but 'Well, we had better be going before the sirens start.’ After 9.30 p.m. the other night, I had only two people in my lounge at closing time.”

Some of the smaller public houses within easy reach of blocks of working class homes are not finding their trade hit to quite the same extent, but takings of modern public houses on the outskirts, which depend to a considerable extent on visitors, are suffering quite as much as those of places the centre the town."
Walsall Observer, and South Staffordshire Chronicle - Saturday 31 August 1940, page 5.
Note the date of this report: August 1940. Which was when the Luftwaffe was mostly concentrating on London. Things would get much worse and the drinkers of Walsall doubtless even more reluctant to venture into the town centre in search of a pint.

Things could be worse than just trade being slow:

"Public House Hit
One the few bombs dropped the London area last night hit a public house. Up to noon to-day seven dead had been removed and four other persons were seen to be trapped.

A number of customers was the premises when the bomb fell. Men of the Pioneer Corps are helping the A.R.P to try reach people under the debris.

Falling in the centre the building the blew most of it down leaving only portion of the front walls standing."
Lincolnshire Echo - Tuesday 24 December 1940, page 1.

Now that's really scary. But a fate that befell many pubs during the war.

Wednesday, 16 January 2019

Let's Brew Wednesday - 1939 Whitbread SSS

Now here’s a beer that I’m not sure that I understand. Or rather, I don’t understand why it was brewed in 1939.

One of the handy features of Whitbread’s brewing records is a table in the back showing how much of each beer was brewed each week. Useful for knowing which were the most popular beers. But also to make sure I never miss any beers that were only brewed very occasionally when I’m snapping logs.

I know that SSS was brewed from at least 1837. Though there was an interruption between 1853 and 1867. It wasn’t brewed in enormous quantities, usually between 10,000 and 15,000 barrels a year. That was until March 1917, when it was dropped. Presumably as a result of changes in the rules in April 1917. It was briefly replaced by a strong Stout called Imperial, until this in turn was discontinued in April 1918.

Usually that would have been the end of it. In the interwar period, Whitbread didn’t brew a Stout stronger than Extra Stout, which was a mere 1055.5º. Then in April 1939, only a few months before the outbreak of war, SSS returned. Why, I have no idea. Not that much of it was brewed. The largest batch was 80 barrels. In the whole of 1939 a mere 928 barrels were brewed. The final brew was in March 1940.

Clearly, they couldn’t have brewed such small quantities single-gyle. This particular example was parti-gyled with Mackeson. Something Whitbread could do as they only added the lactose at racking time as a sort of priming.

I’d love to know where SSS was sold and under what name. I suspect it might have been an export beer. Though it could also have been conceived as a rival to Barclay Perkins Russian Stout, as beer with a similar gravity.

The grist is the same as Whitbread’s other Stouts, with the backbone formed by pale, brown and chocolate malt. I’m not quite sure why the oats were included as none of this brew ended up as Oatmeal Stout. I suppose they just used the same recipe, no matter what.

The hops were an unusual mixture of English and German: Kent from the 1938 harvest, Whitbread Mid-Kent from 1937 (kept in a cold store) and Hallertau from 1935.

1939 Whitbread SSS
pale malt 18.00 lb 72.38%
brown malt 2.00 lb 8.04%
chocolate malt 2.00 lb 8.04%
flaked oats 0.20 lb 0.80%
No. 3 invert sugar 2.00 lb 8.04%
caramel 1000 SRM 0.67 lb 2.69%
Hallertau 75 mins 1.00 oz
Fuggles 75 mins 2.00 oz
Goldings 30 mins 3.00 oz
OG 1110.5
FG 1043
ABV 8.93
Apparent attenuation 61.09%
IBU 47
SRM 69
Mash at 149º F
Sparge at 170º F
Boil time 75 minutes
pitching temp 62º F
Yeast Wyeast 1099 Whitbread Ale

Tuesday, 15 January 2019

Tied estates in 1977

I was slightly frustrated by the lack of detail about pubs owned by non-Big Six breweries in my recent posts. Then I remembered that the Good Beer Guide usually mentioned how many tied houses a brewery had.

Time to trawl through my 1978 Good Beer Guide to extract the numbers. Which is reasonably doable as there were far fewer breweries back then.

The results are quite interesting. Though for the Big Six, the numbers are way wrong because not all of the brewery entries contained numbers of tied pubs. The real total was over 35,000.

However, for independent breweries, the numbers are fairly complete. I wouldn't claim that they were 100% accurate, as breweries were constantly buying, selling or closing pubs. But they give a resonable overview of the size and number of tied estates.

The number of quite large estates - those of 500 pubs or more - is surprisingly large at seven. While a further 18 were between 200 and 500 pubs and another 18 between 100 and 200 pubs. 43 estates were over 100 pubs and 42 below 100. Not sure what that tells us, but it's good to know.

If you compare this table with the one from 2017 I published a few days ago, you'll see that some brewery estates have grown, while others have shrunk. Fullers have trebled the size of their estate, while Greene King's has expanded almost fourfold. Bateman's however, has been more than halved. I would guess that this is the result of rural closures rather than sales.

The biggest loser, however, is Camerons down from 600 pubs to just 58. Donnington appears totally unchanged, having 17 pubs in both lists. I wonder if they are the same 17 pubs?

Tied estates in 1977
Brewery independent Big Six
Adnams 72
All Nations 1
Alnwick 20
Ansells 2,400
Arkell 64
Banks's 770
Bass Charrington (Tadcaster) 1,000
Bass Worthington
Bateman 110
Batham 8
Belhaven 25
Blackawton 0
Blue Anchor 1
Boddingtons 270
Border 200
Brain 100
Brakspear 130
Matthew Brown 600
Buckley 180
Burt 11
Burtonwood 300
Cameron 700
Carlsberg 0
Castletown 36
Crown 350
Darley 88
Davenports 110
Devenish (Redruth) 200
Devenish (Weymouth) 190
Donnington 17
Eldridge Pope 180
Eldgood 58
Everards 134
Felinfoel 80
Fuller 110
Gale 102
Gibbs Mew 56
Godson 0
Gray 51
Greenall Whitley 1,450
Greene King 850
Greenwoods 0
Guernsey 50
Guinness 2
Hall & Woodhouse 162
Hardy & Hansons 200
Hartleys 58
Harvey 24
Higsons 158
Holden 11
Holt 80
Home 400
Hook Norton 34
Hoskins 1
Hull 210
Hydes 50
Jennings 90
King & Barnes 59
Lees 150
Litchborough 0
Lorimer 205
Maclay 25
McMullen 170
Mansfield 200
Marston's 600
Melbourne 32
Mitchells 47
M & B 2,000
Morland 220
Newcastle 712
New Fermor Arms 1
Northern Clubs 0
Okell 70
Oldham 100
Old Swan 2
Paine 24
Palmer 70
Pollard 0
Randall (St. Hellier) 28
Randall (Guernsey) 18
Rayment 25
Robinson 318
Ruddle 36
St. Austell 132
Selby 1
Shepherd Neame 234
Shipstone 250
Simpkiss 16
Smiles 0
John Smith 1,600
Sam Smith 200
Timothy Taylor 28
Tennent (Edinburgh)
Tennent (Glasgow)
Tetley 1,100
Tetley Walker 1,100
Theakson 6
John Thompson 1
Three Tuns 1
Thwaites 380
Tolly Cobbold 360
Traquair House 0
Truman 900
Usher 688
Vaux 510
Wasworth 143
Ward 96
Watney 1,600
Webster 288
Charles Wells 265
Welsh Brewers 605
Westcrown 0
Wilsons 720
Yates & Jackson 43
York 0
Young 135
Total 14,355 14,713
Good Beer Guide 1978

No. tied houses No. estates
> 500 7
200 - 500 18
100 - 200 18
50 - 100 16
20 - 50 15
< 20 15

Monday, 14 January 2019

Brewery ownership of pubs 1974 - 2017

Some more lovely tables today. One taken from the BBPA Statistical Handbook 2018 which arrived recently the other is somewhat older.

Let's kick off with older of the two tables, wjhich shows the state of play back in the mid-1970s, when the Big Six was a boout at its peak.

Between them the Big Six owned getting on for 40,000 on licences. Now I'm not sure if that's only pubs. I suspect not. I have a feeling, given the size of the total, that there are other non-pub on licences included.

The Big Six weren't all roughly equal. Bass Charrington was significantly bigger than anyone else. They owned more pubs and their share of beer sales was larger. They had almost double the mnarket share of the two smallest, Watney and Scottish & Newcastle. The latter owned fewer pubs than the others because much of the trade in Scotland was nominally free. Though, in practice, most pubs North of the border were tied through loans.

Significantly, the Big Six between them owned almost three times as many pubs as all the other breweries combined. It should really be the Big Seven, but CAMRA generally left them out as they didn't have a tied estate. They had a diifferent model to all the other breweries, providing bottled Guinness for other breweries' pubs.

Pub ownership 1974 - 1976
Bewery Uk Breweries % beer sales On Licences (1974) % On Licences
Bass Charrington 12 20 9,256 8.15%
Allied Breweries 7 17 7,665 6.75%
Whitbread 19 13 7,865 6.92%
Watney/Grand Met 8 12 5,946 5.23%
Scottish & Newcastle 3 11 1,678 1.48%
Courage 8 9 5,921 5.21%
Guinness 1 9 0 0
Total Big Seven 58 91 38,331 33.7%
Others 89 9 13,800 12.1%
Tied Trade 52,131 45.9%
Free Trade 61,498 54.1%
Total 147 100 113,629
“The Brewing Industry, a Guide to Historical Records” by Lesley Richmond & Alison Turton.
No. breweries and % beer sales 1976
No. on licences 1974

The situation today looks very different, with most of the large brewing groups owning no pubs. The exception being Heineken. Though two-thirds of the tied houses belong to just three breweries: Mastons, Greene King and Heineken. The latter two have estates approaching those of the BIG Six in size.

Brewery-owned pubs in 2017
Brewery No. pubs
Adnams & Co PLC 49
Anheuser Busch Inbev UK 0
Arkell's Brewery Ltd 96
Asahi UK 4
George Bateman & Son Ltd 48
Daniel Batham & Son Ltd 11
S. A. Brain & Co Ltd 203
Brewdog 34
C & C Group PLC 0
Camerons Brewery Ltd. 58
Carlsberg UK Ltd. 0
Donnington Brewery 17
Elgood & Sons Ltd 28
Everards Brewery Ltd 172
Felinfoel Brewery Co Ltd. 73
Fuller. Smith & Turner PLC 373
Greene King PLC 3,048
Hall & Woodhouse Ltd 188
Harvey & Sons (Lewes) Ltd. 48
Heineken UK 2,836
Holden's Brewery 21
Joseph Holt Ltd. 128
Hook Noiton Brewery Co. Ltd. 36
Hydes Brewery Ltd. 53
J W Lees & Co. (Brewers) Ltd 141
Liberation Group (Butcombe) 69
Marston's PLC 1,421
McMullen & Sons Ltd. 125
Molson Coors (UK) Brewers 0
J.C. & R.H. Palmer Ltd 54
Frederlc Robinson Ltd 261
St Austell Brewery Co. Ltd 176
Shepherd Neame Ltd. 314
Samuel Smith Old Brewery 300
Timothy Taylor & Co.Ltd. 20
T & R Theakston Ltd 0
Daniel Thwaites PLC 248
Wadworth & Co Ltd. 224
Charless Wells 186
Total      11,063
BBPS Statistical Handbook 2018, pages 70 - 71.

Bass Charrington once owned almost as many pubs as the total number of brewery-owned pubs today.

Sunday, 13 January 2019

Boddington hops in 1939

Finishing off our look at Boddington's recipes in 1939, today we're looking at the hops they used.

hen it came to hops, Boddington were slightly odd. Every beer had a large number of different hops, some in tiny quantities. Why they used 6 types of copper hops in a beer, I’m not sure. Usually having multiple types of the same ingredient was a way of smoothing out any change when one ingredient needed to be replaced. But most breweries were content with at most three or four types of hops.

Most of the hops were English, though there were small quantities of Oregon and Styrian hops. The quantity used of the latter was so small – 5 lbs out of a total of 150-220 lbs – you have to wonder what the point was. Coming from Yugoslavia, the war inevitably interrupted the supply of Styrian hops.

The hops are as old as they might at first appear. These beers were all brewed in January 1939, meaning that the 1937 harvest hops were only a bit over a year old. As they had all been kept in a cold store – that’s what CS means – they wouldn’t have deteriorated that much.

Analyses of hops from before the war show that Fuggles which contained 6.28% alpha acid when fresh were only down to 5.84% alpha after 14 months.  That’s a mere 7% deterioration. Hardly really worth taking into consideration, given that the alpha acid content could vary far more than that from one season to the next.

Unfortunately, for English hops Boddington only recorded the name of the grower, not the variety nor the region where they were grown. Though the chances are that most were either something Goldings-like or Fuggles, as they were the majority of hops grown in England.

Boddington hops in 1939
Beer Style OG Oregon (1937 CS) Styrian (1937 CS) English (1937 CS)  English (1937 CS)  English (1937 CS)  English (1938)  total
IP Pale Ale 1045 30 5 30 50 35 30 180
XX Mild 1033.8 30 5 45 45 25 150
CC Strong Ale 1056 35 5 70 30 40 40 220
St Stout 1045 35 40 25 25 25 150
Boddington brewing record held at Manchester Central Library, document number M693/405/129.