In West Kent, there are several varieties, in cultivation. The "Canterbury" is the favorite sort, and is the most cultivated : it is a "white-bine"* hop, of the middle size. The "Golding" has, of late years, been in high repute. It is a sub-variety, I understand, of the Canterbury; which was raised by a man still living (1790) Mr. Golding, of the Mailing quarter of the district; who observing, in his grounds, a hill of extraordinary quality and productiveness, marked it, propagated from it, and furnished his neighbours with cuttings, from its produce. The "Flemish Red-bine" is an early ripening hop, and of a large size ; but is deficient in "condition." The "Late-ripe Red-bine" is also large, but is likewise weak: " a mere wild hop." "Rufflers," "Apple Puddings," &c. &c. are inferior sorts ; and are chiefly cultivated in the Weald.
* "Bine" (probably a corruption of Bind) is the provincial term for the stem of the hop; and likewise for the plant, collectively, except the fruit, or " hops." It is perfectly analogous with Vine; when applied generally to climbing plants; as white vine, black vine, wild vine, grape vine, hop vine."
"The rural economy of the southern counties, vol 1", by Marshall, 1798, pages 182-184.
Goldings. They've been around since god was in short kecks. I wonder how many other commercial plant varieties have been knocking around so long?
Some of the others have wonderfully evocative names: Rufflers, Apple Puddings. I wonder when they were last grown?