Wednesday, 16 September 2020

Let's Brew Wednesday - 1837 Reid BS

Reid, one of the great London Porter brewers, is one I've much neglected. Despite theirs being the first brewing records I collected.

It’s fun finally getting around to these Reid’s records. Not that the Porter recipes are that weird or exciting. Just nice to do some different ones.

This is their base level Stout. Brown Stout was the first modern Stout in the 18th century. Brown because of the base brown malt, Stout because of the strength.

I won’t talk at great length about the recipe. Because it’s the usual pale, brown, black malt and pale malt. And East Kent hops. Pretty standard. London Porter brewers were pretty conservative with their grists. And we’re before the period foreign ingredients flooded in. When British agriculture couldn’t keep up with the growth in population and thirst.

Hertfordshire malt and Kent hops. They were the backbone of London brewing through the birth and blossoming of Porter in the 1700’s. And continued when to be so while Mild Ale’s star rose in the middle of the 1800’s. Until there just wasn’t enough to brew the quantity of beer the masses required.

Getting back to the beer, the simplicity doesn’t extend to the mashing scheme. Three mashes, no sparges. With a fourth mash for a return wort.

Here are the details:

action water (barrels) water temp. tap temp. time
mash 213 160º F 142º F 90
mash 114 182º F 158º F 50
mash 155 168º F 158º F 40

As you’d expect, BS spent some time in vats. It wasn’t the poshest Stout, so perhaps less than a year, but at least six months.

1837 Reid BS
pale malt 13.75 lb 77.46%
brown malt 3.25 lb 18.31%
black malt 0.75 lb 4.23%
Goldings 75 mins 3.00 oz
Goldings 60 mins 3.00 oz
Goldings 30 mins 3.00 oz
Goldings dry hops 0.50 oz
OG 1074
FG 1023
ABV 6.75
Apparent attenuation 68.92%
IBU 98
SRM 33
Mash at 150º F
Sparge at 168º F
Boil time 75 minutes
pitching temp 65º F
Yeast Wyeast 1099 Whitbread Ale

This recipe is in my wonderful book, Let's Brew!:




Martyn Cornell said...

"Hertfordshire malt and Kent hops" - indeed. And water from the Thames (still four big breweries using Thames water at this time, apparently), or also from Hertfordshire via the New River or from wells below their feet: a local beer for local people.

StuartP said...

Thanks for this recipe.
I think I'll do it. Having always sparged, it will be interesting to try a multi-mash.
Maybe I should have looked at some of the earlier recipes in Porter!