William Younger’s second brewery, Holyrood, was built in the 1860s. Intended to be a Pale Ale brewery, it was fitted with union sets.
On the eve of WW II, Holyrood was, indeed, almost exclusively churning out Pale Ales of various descriptions. The only exception being an occasional batch of No. 3.
Only three Pale Ales were produced at both breweries: XP Btlg, XXP Btlg and XXPS. LAE, XXPS Btlg and Pale XXPS were exclusive to the Abbey Brewery. While P, P Btlg, Pale 3 (IPA Pale), XP and XXP only emanated from Holyrood. Simple, isn’t it?
Once again, the OGs fit quite well into the 4d, 5d, 6d, 7d and 8d per pint gravity bands. Ext – which I assume stands for “Export – was about as strong as UK Pale Ales got in the 1930s. At least ones intended for domestic consumption.
Don’t be fooled by the apparently poor degree of attenuation. That’s a cleansing gravity rather than a real FG or even a racking gravity. I know from analyses of beers as sold that the rate of attenuation was really higher.
At under 5lbs per quarter (336 lbs) of malt, the hopping rate is feeble. In London Pale Ales were hopped at a rate 7.25 - 10 lbs per quarter by Whitbread and 7.5 lbs by Barclay Perkins.
Dry hopping is on the low side, too, just 2-3 ozs per barrel. In 1939, Barclay Perkins Pale Ales received 3-6 ozs.
|William Younger Holyrood Beers in 1938|
|Date||Beer||OG||FG||ABV||App. Atten-uation||lbs hops/ qtr||hops lb/brl||dry hops (oz / barrel)|
|19th Oct||XP Btlg||1037||1012||3.31||67.57%||4.81||0.67||1.99|
|20th Oct||P Btlg||1042||1010||4.23||76.19%||4.83||0.75||1.98|
|20th Oct||XXP Btlg||1043||1011||4.23||74.42%||4.83||0.77||2.03|
|5th Jul||Pale 3 (IPA Pale)||1055||1017||5.03||69.09%||4.25||0.89||3.03|
|William Younger brewing record held at the Scottish Brewing Archive, document number WY/6/1/3/77.|