An influx of workers to the important munitions-producing area around the England-Scotland border close to Carlisle during WW I caused some problems with drunkenness. The solution was to nationalise the breweries and pubs to bring them under state control.
For whatever reason, state-ownership didn't end with hostilities. But trundled on well past WW II. Only being brutally ended by Ted Heath's government in the early 1970s*.
Still, reading about the State Management scheme in WW II is still a bit odd. As an investment by the government, it certainly paid off. It mad a profit every single year of its operation. Which wasn't the case of every capitalist brewing operation.
These were their profits in the early war years:
|State Management Scheme net profits 1938 - 1942|
|Carlisle £||Gretna £||Cromarty Firth £||total|
|The Brewing Trade Review, August 1943, page 261.|
To put that into context, these are the profits of Barclay Perkins, a considerably lager operation that the Carlisle State Brewery:
|Barclay Perkins profit 1939-1942|
|Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer - Thursday 22 June 1939, page 15.|
|The Scotsman - Saturday 15 June 1940, page 4.|
|Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer - Thursday 28 August 1941, page 5.|
|Birmingham Daily Post - Thursday 30 July 1942, page 4.|
|The Scotsman - Friday 13 August 1943, page 2.|
* Back then, Ted Heath was seen as being one of the worst post-war Prime Ministers. He's fallen right back in the field in recent years. It's not his fault. Back in the 1970s, no-one could have anticipated just how crap politicians would get.