Wednesday, 20 July 2016

Let's Brew Wednesday

I’ve already mentioned that William Younger was a bit odd with their beer range. Nowhere was that more true than with their Stouts.

In first half of the 19th century they brewed Stouts that looked very much like those from London. And different from Younger’s Scottish-style beers in that the rate of attenuation was significantly higher. In the 1870’s they started a new range of Stouts, much more lightly hopped and with a poorer degree of attenuation. Sometimes they contained no fresh hops at, just spent hops from previous brews.

MBS, which appeared just before WW I, seems to combine attributes of the two older sets of Stout. It had a reasonable degree of attenuation, but was lightly hopped and used spent hops. It seems to have been discontinued in the 1930’s

This post WW I version is rather more heavily and thankfully without spent hops. It’s a nightmare writing a recipe with lots of spent hops in it. I’ve assumed, for recipe purposes, that spent hops have a tenth of the power of unused hops. No idea how accurate that is.

For William Younger, the recipe is incredibly complicated, with three different sorts of malt and caramel. Obviously, there’s a shitload of grits, too. Though not quite as many as it some of their other beers.

The hopping, in terms of varieties, is exactly the same as for all their other beers of this period: Kent, Saaz, British Columbia and Pacific. Not quite sure what Saaz was bringing to the part as the amount used was always pretty small.

For a compare and contrast exercise, next I’ll give you the recipe for DBS, the most long-lived of Younger’s Stouts. And the most normal-looking one.

1921 William Younger MBS
pale malt 6.25 lb 50.00%
black malt 0.75 lb 6.00%
amber malt 0.75 lb 6.00%
grits 4.25 lb 34.00%
caramel 500 SRM 0.50 lb 4.00%
Cluster 90 min 1.25 oz
Cluster 60 min 1.25 oz
Saaz 30 min 0.50 oz
Fuggles 30 min 1.00 oz
Goldings dry hops 1.00 oz
OG 1055
FG 1017.5
ABV 4.96
Apparent attenuation 68.18%
IBU 67
SRM 34
Mash at 152º F
Sparge at 160º F
Boil time 150 minutes
pitching temp 60º F
Yeast WLP028 Edinburgh Ale


Anonymous said...

Do you have a sense of what it means for the flavor of the beer to have such a high percentage of grits? I know at lower levels grits mainly just provide some fermentables without a lot of flavor, but it's less clear what to me what happens with the amounts of grits in some of the beer recipes you've been offering recently.

Anonymous said...

Caramel 500? I've not heard of that. Is it by chance a typo?

Anonymous said...

Is the 2.5-h boil correct? I would have to target a huge boil volume, because My typical boil-off rate would basically run the kettle dry. Or was top-off water constantly added?

Anonymous said...

I would bet 2.5 hours matches what the brewer did, since RP references various long boil times in an earlier post. I'm sure it's fine to go with maybe just 90 minutes since it appears that translating fullscale brewers records is an inexact science.

The caramel 500 might be a reference to caramel coloring, like what Coke puts in their cola. You can buy it online and some brewers stores sell it. It looks like the recipe has a bunch of black malt already, so it may well come out fairly dark without the caramel. Unless you're right and it's a typo and that's supposed to be caramel 50 -- half a pound of caramel coloring would be a massive amount. But I'm not sure they'd be using caramel malt around then.

J. Karanka said...

In the UK it's always called crystal malt and never caramel malt. Caramel is stuff you make out of sugars, like brewers' caramel.