Friday, 6 May 2016

Canadian Lagers in 1909

I couldn’t leave these analyses unused. If only for my own peace of mind.

Plus there haven’t been that many tables here of late. Or much about Lager. Seems like several birds are being taken out by a single missile.

I was most intrigued by two beers called Salvador. Especially as both have very modest gravities, far away from Doppelbock levels. Evidently one of the brewers at Reinhardt had worked at Zacherl, which does imply that there was some connection between Salvador and Salvator. I’d love to know what colour Salvador was.

Because if it wasn’t dark, then it would have bugger all in common with the Salvator brewed in Munich. Some of those have an OG double that of the weaker Salvador. And while the average attenuation for the Munich beers is under 60%, both the Canadian beers are over 70%.

Which leaves me wondering: was Salvador originally similar to Salvator but changed over the years? Or was it always very different, basically using the name and little else from the original? We may never know.

Having said that, many of the OG’s look low compared to European Lagers. Pilsners were usually in the range 1048-1050º, Lagerbier over 1050º and Export over 1055º. About the only exception were the Schenkbiers sold in Austria-Hungary which were in the low 1040º’s. Virtually none of the Canadian Lagers is over 1050º. A couple that are on the stronger side – the two called Budweiser – I suspect were really imported Ameriucan beers.

I saw a similar pattern with Canadian Ales, which, while stronger than the Lagers, were also mostly weaker than their British equivalents. Was this generally the rule, I wonder, that Canadian beers were slightly weaker than elsewhere? Let me know if you have the answer.


Canadian Lagers in 1909
Brewer Town Beer Style Price size OG FG ABV App. Atten-uation
Reinhardt & Co. Toronto Bavarian Dunkles 15c bottle 1048.1 1011 5.39 77.13%
Beauport Brewing Co. Quebec Lager Beer Lager 10c bottle 1036.2 1003.3 4.63 90.88%
The Korman Brewery, Ltd. Toronto Perfecto Lager 15c bottle 1037 1005.1 4.56 86.22%
Bajus Brewery Lager Beer Lager 15c bottle 1037.3 1010 3.90 73.19%
O. Archambault Iberville Salvador Lager 13.3c bottle 1038.4 1011.4 3.83 70.31%
Holliday East Kent Lager Lager 8.33c bottle 1039.3 1009.4 4.27 76.08%
Carling Brewing & Malting London, Ont. Lager Beer Lager 15c bottle 1040 1011.4 4.05 71.50%
Victoria Phoenix Brewing Co. Victoria, BC Lager Beer Lager 15c quart 1040.7 1012.7 4.05 68.80%
O'Keefe's Ltd. Toronto Lager Beer Lager 15c bottle 1041.6 1009.8 4.49 76.44%
Cosgrove Brewing Co. Toronto Lager Beer Lager 10c bottle 1041.8 1015.7 3.76 62.44%
The Capital Brewing & Malting Co. Ottawa Capital Ale Lager 5.83c pint 1042 1009.6 4.71 77.14%
C.H. Harther Hamilton Lager Beer Lager 11c bottle 1042.7 1013.1 4.20 69.32%
Carling Brewing & Malting London, Ont. Lager Beer Lager 11.67c bottle 1042.7 1014.6 4.05 65.81%
L. Chapot Fils & Cie. Montreal Blue Ribbon Lager 20c bottle 1043.1 1017.5 3.69 59.40%
Carling Brewing & Malting Ottawa Canada Club Lager 10c pint 1043.1 1014.7 4.05 65.89%
Strathcona Brewing & Malting Co. Strathcona Lager Beer Lager 16.67c quart 1043.4 1011 4.56 74.65%
Union Brewing Ltd. Montreal Lager Beer Lager 11.33c bottle 1043.9 1012.6 4.42 71.30%
Kuntz & Co. Waterloo Lager Beer Lager 11.67c bottle 1043.9 1016.4 3.90 62.64%
Victoria Phoenix Brewing Co. Victoria, BC Lager Beer Lager 16.67c quart 1044.5 1011.5 4.63 74.16%
Reinhardt & Co. Toronto Salvador Lager 10c bottle 1044.9 1009 5.00 79.96%
Blackwood Ltd. Winnipeg Lager Beer Lager pint 1044.9 1015 4.27 66.59%
Lethbridge Brewing & Malting Co. Lethbridge Lager Beer Lager 16.67c quart 1044.9 1016.1 4.12 64.14%
The Moosejaw Brewing & Malting Co., Ltd. Winnipeg Lager Beer Lager pint 1045.1 1018 3.90 60.09%
James Ready, Ltd Fairville, St. John N.B. Lager Beer Lager 13.3c bottle 1045.2 1010.1 4.93 77.65%
Golden West Brewing Co. Calgary Lager Beer Lager 16.67c quart 1045.4 1013.7 4.49 69.82%
McDonagh & Shea Winnipeg Lager Beer Lager pint 1045.5 1014.4 4.42 68.35%
Reinhardt & Co. Toronto Lager Beer Lager 15c bottle 1046.3 1007.8 5.39 83.15%
Calgary Brewing & Malting Co. Calgary Lager Beer Lager 16.67c quart 1046.6 1015.7 4.34 66.31%
Canadian Breweries Ltd Montreal Ekerts Lager 8.33c bottle 1046.8 1010.1 4.63 78.42%
Kuntz & Co. Waterloo Lager Beer Lager 10c bottle 1046.8 1016.1 4.27 65.60%
George Patry Quebec Lager Beer Lager 15c bottle 1047.4 1019.2 4.12 59.49%
H. Kuntz Hamilton Lager Beer Lager 10.67c bottle 1047.6 1017.2 4.34 63.87%
The Union Brewery Ltd. Montreal Kuntz Lager 20c bottle 1047.9 1015.8 4.49 67.01%
G.E. Amyot Quebec B.B. Lager 13.3c bottle 1048 1012.4 5.00 74.17%
The Hamilton Brewing Association, Ltd. Hamilton Regal Lager 20c bottle 1048.4 1015.4 4.63 68.18%
Edmonton Brewing & Malting Co. Edmonton Lager Beer Lager 16.67c quart 1048.4 1015.1 4.71 68.80%
G.E. Amyot Quebec Lager Beer Lager 10c bottle 1050 1011.5 5.39 77.00%
George Patry Quebec Lager Beer Lager 15c bottle 1051.2 1013.3 5.32 74.02%
G.E. Amyot Quebec Lager Beer Lager 11.67c bottle 1051.7 1012 5.55 76.79%
Vancouver Breweries. Ltd. Vancouver Cascade Lager 13.33c quart 1052.2 1016.2 5.00 68.97%
Vancouver Breweries. Ltd. Vancouver Cascade Lager 16.67c quart 1055 1015.3 5.55 72.18%
Average 1044.8 1013.0 4.49 71.17%
O'Keefe's Ltd. Toronto Pilsener Pilsner 10c pint 1039.6 1008.6 4.42 78.28%
O'Keefe's Ltd. Toronto Pilsener Pilsner 15c bottle 1041 1007.5 4.85 81.71%
The National Breweries, Ltd. Montreal Ekers Bohemian Pilsner 8.33c bottle 1043.4 1012.5 4.42 71.20%
L. Chapot Fils & Cie. Montreal Budweiser Pilsner 25c bottle 1049.8 1015.3 4.85 69.28%
Copeland Brewing Co., Ltd. Toronto Budweiser Pilsner 15c bottle 1050.4 1012.4 5.24 75.40%
Average 1044.8 1011.3 4.76 75.17%
Reinhardt & Sons Montreal Vienna Vienna Lager 10c bottle 1037.1 1006.5 4.71 82.48%
Source:
"Ale and lager beer" by McGill, A. (Anthony), 1910, pages 4 - 19.


Munich Salvator 1869 - 1914
Year Brewer Beer Style OG FG ABV App. Atten-uation
1869 Zacherl Salvator Bock 1065.7 1022 5.63 66.51%
1890 Hackerbräu Salvator Bock 1071.6 1030.3 5.32 57.68%
1890 Münchener Salvator Bock Bock 1073.2 1028 5.80 61.72%
1890 Zacherlbräu Salvator Bock 1074.7 1033.9 5.25 54.63%
1890 Salvatorbräu Salvator Bock 1075.9 1034.2 5.37 54.94%
1890 Spatenbräu Salvator Bock 1076.7 1040.6 4.62 47.05%
1898 Zacherl Salvator Bock 1077.1 1029.9 6.10 61.22%
1914 Paulaner Salvator Doppelbock 1071.2 1033.5 4.7 51.27%
Average 1073.3 1031.6 5.35 56.88%
Sources:
"British Medical Journal" March 6th 1869, page 218
"Handbuch der chemischen technologie" by Otto Dammer, Rudolf Kaiser, 1896, pages 696-697
"Brockhaus' konversations-lexikon, Band 2" by F.A. Brockhaus, 1898 
"Beer from the Expert's Viewpoint" by Arnold Spencer Wahl and Robert Wahl, 1937, page 168.

3 comments:

Jeremy Drew said...

Is there any connection between Kuntz lager and Carling Black Label?

It would explain so much.

bza said...

A Toronto writer just posted an article about Reinhardt Salvador:
http://saintjohnswort.ca/so-you-want-to-be-a-brewer-amsterdamst-johns-wort-revelator-bock/
Not much hard information, but a newspaper mentions the beer is colored using the same malt as used in "dublin stout", so I'd guess it is dark.

Paul Mancini said...

Check out this recent St. John's Wort entry for some more detail on the Salvador
http://saintjohnswort.ca/so-you-want-to-be-a-brewer-amsterdamst-johns-wort-revelator-bock/