“A sample of Kulmbacher beer delivered to an Institution was, because of its pale colour, which significantly differed from the beer as previously served, suspected of being watered. The analysis showed:
Specific gravity 1.0262 Alcohol 4.76% Extract 7.35% Minerals 0.27% Nitrogen substance 0.62% Lactic acid 0.27% Maltose 2.19% OG 16.36% Degree of fermentation 55.07%
It was, therefore, a normally composed, content rich Kulmbacher beer whose pale colour was merely due to the fact that the Kulmbacher breweries no longer colour their beer with sugar colouring since the famous verdict of the Criminal Court in Bayreuth.”
"Übersicht über die Jahresberichte der öffentlichen Anstalten zur technischen Untersuchung von Nahrung und Genussmitteln im Deutschen Reich für das Jahr 1902" by Kaiserliches Gesundheitsamt, 1905, page 105. (My translation.)
Now isn’t that interesting? Kulmbacher, as we saw last time, was dark. Very dark. Now we know why: they were darkening it with caramel. I’m just trying to work out how that could ever have been OK in Bavaria, where I thought they were pretty strict about the Reinheitsgebot. Evidently not that strict.
I’m just guessing here, but that Bayreuth court decision looks like it was responsible for the rise of Sinamar, the beer-derived, Reinheitsgebot-compliant caramel substitute.
Looking at the specs, that beer would count as a Bock today, with an OG over 16º Balling and around 6% ABV. Though it was pretty typical for a Kulmbacher of the day. As this table demonstrates (our lad is the last one in the table):
|Kulmbacher Export 1884 - 1902|
|1884||Aktien-Export-Brauhaus||dunkeles Export||Export Dunkles||0.18||1067.6||1025.9||5.39||61.69%|
|1884||Unknown||dunkeles Export||Export Dunkles||0.153||1061.9||1024.0||4.90||61.23%|
|1891||Unknown||dunkeles Exportbier||Export Dunkles||0.137||1065.7||1027.9||4.88||57.53%|
|1891||Unknown||dunkeles Exportbier||Export Dunkles||0.142||1067.6||1023.0||5.78||65.98%|
|1893||Aktien-Export-Brauerei||dunkeles Exportbier||Export Dunkles||1076.9||1025.8||6.63||66.45%|
|Chemie der menschlichen Nahrungs- und Genussmittel by Joseph König, 1903, pages 1102 - 1156|
|"Übersicht über die Jahresberichte der öffentlichen Anstalten zur technischen Untersuchung von Nahrung und Genussmitteln im Deutschen Reich für das Jahr 1902" by Kaiserliches Gesundheitsamt, 1905, page 105.|
More Kulmbacher or Porter next? It’s so hard to decide.