Tuesday, 6 September 2022

Cairnes beers in 1898

Now here's a treat for you: the beers of a regional Irish brewery. Cairnes being based in Drogheda, a town about 40 km north of Dublin.

Their set of beers is an intriguing one: a Table Beer, a Mild Ale, a Pale Ale, and IPA and two Stouts. Though the latter aren't quite what they appear.

Single Stout (SS) looks like it's really a Porter to me. It's about the same strength as contemporary London Porters. The terms Single Stout and Porter seem to have been used fairly interchangeably in Ireland.  Guinness Porter was a little stronger at about 1060º.

Double Stout (DS) is a little bit weaker than the Guinness of the day, Which was around 1075º. I assume Guinness Extra Stout was the beer it was supposed to compete with.

It's intriguing that Cairnes IPA wasn't all that much stronger - just 0.75% ABV - than the Table Beer. By the 1890s Table Beer had pretty much disappeared in England. With the dramatic fall in strength the conflict entailed, I don't expect that it survived WW I.

I assume that the beer simply called Ale was a type of Mild Ale. Though it is quite strong for a base-level Mild. Oddly, it's their second-strongest beer, after Double Stout.

The IPA is pretty close to the classic 1065º gravity. Though a poor degree of attenuation leaves it just under 5.5% ABV. It's not clear is this was a Stock Ale. If it were, then the real FG would have been considerably lower.

Cairnes beers in 1898
Beer Style OG FG ABV App. Atten-uation lbs hops/ qtr hops lb/brl Pitch temp
TB Table Beer 1045 1009 4.76 80.00% 7.35 1.40 60º F
Ale Mild 1067 1017 6.61 74.63% 9.99 3.01 60º F
E.I. Ale Pale Ale 1055 1012 5.69 78.18% 9.76 2.23 60º F
IP Ale IPA 1064 1023 5.42 64.06% 10.91 3.01 60º F
SS Stout 1055 1012 5.69 78.18% 7.32 1.79 60º F
DS Stout 1071 1016 7.28 77.46% 8.68 2.99 60º F
Cairnes brewing record held at the Guinness archives.


1 comment:

Anonymous said...

The interchangeable use of porter and stout in Ireland could have come from people from rural areas when they first drank porter it would have been nothing like the beer they would have had, more bitter and intense in flavour with porter being an urban term but that is just a theory.