In the late 1830's Reid brewed a wide range of both Porter and Ale. Nothing really odd about that. Three other big Porter brewers: Whitbread, Truman and Barclay Perkins all started brewing Ale in the 1830's having previously been exclusively beer brewers. It was all to do with the 1830 Beer Act.
In the new Beer Houses Ale was very popular and the Porter brewers wanted to get their share of this new market. But where Reid differed from the other three brewers was that later in the 19th century they went back to being exclusively a Porter brewery. No idea why.
What's dead handy is that not only did they brew Mild and Stock Ales, but also Pale Ales. In particular, IPA. The other London brewers I've records from didn't introduce Pale Ales until the 1860's.
Talking of the IPA, it's insanely heavily hopped for what is a beer of quite modest gravity. Which gives me a great chance to bang on about how IPA wasn't a strong beer. Note that its gravity is considerably lower than X Ale, the weakest Mild Ale. And even has a lower gravity than standard Porter, the everyman drink of the day.
Note that the corresponding X and K Ales have identical gravities. And also that, if you look at the hopping rate per quarter, there's a clear difference between the Ales and Beers (Porter and Stout). The Ales are hopped at 7-11 lbs per barrel, the Beers 10-17 lbs. The simple Running Porter was hopped at the same rate as the strongest Stock Ale.
Obviously I'm not including the Pale Aless in this comparison, because that's a totally different class of beer.
|Reid beers 1837 - 1839|
|Date||Year||Beer||Style||OG||FG||ABV||App. Attenuation||lbs hops/ qtr||hops lb/brl|
|16th Feb||1839||BPA||Pale Ale||1056.0||1007.0||6.48||87.49%||22.7||5.61|
|13th Jan||1839||KKK||Stock Ale||1105.3||1033.2||9.53||68.42%||10.7||5.12|
|11th Jan||1839||KK||Stock Ale||1088.6||1028.3||7.99||68.13%||10.0||3.13|
|Reid brewing record held a the Westminster City Archives.|