This set has a few more of the real beer names. Most being IPA. I can’t say that surprises me after looking at Labatt’s brewing records from the 1890’s. IPA was about three-quarters of what they brewed. Obviously, IPA was a very popular style in Canada around the turn of the century.
I was cheered to spot an XXX Ale in this set. They were very common in Ale breweries in the USA. There a typical Ale range would be XXX Ale, Stock Ale, IPA, Porter and Stout. Though in the US, XXX Ale seems to be a local development of English X Ales, that is basically a sort of Mild Ale. Though the term was rarely used in the US, Present Use being preferred.
Right. On with this set. Comparing the IPA’s and Pale Ales is revealing. For a start, it shows no significant variation in gravity between the two types. In the Labatt records, Pale Ale is 1050º and IPA 1055º. But the conclusion that IPA is always the stronger of the two doesn’t appear to be borne out by the analyses. True, the IPA’s have on average a slightly higher OG, but the Pale Ales are skewed by a couple of unusually weak ones. And the four strongest are all Pale Ales. Though we should be a little cautious as many of the Pale Ales don’t give the brand name. Some could have been marketed as IPA.
Once again, the level of attenuation is very high, averaging around 85% for both types. In general, these Canadian Ales have lower OGs than similar British beers of the period, but are more highly attenuated, leaving beers of an equal or even slightly greater ABV.
I’m not sure what the reason for the difference in the rate of attenuation is. Possibly the manufacturing process. Or perhaps because these are beers as sold, and I’m looking at brewing records. The racking gravity, which is what I see, would be higher than the final FG. Most of the British beers were sold in cask form so needed some residual sugars for secondary fermentation.
Looks like Labatt had dropped the gravity of their Stock Ale. In 1893, it was 1064º. Or maybe they’d stopped it being a separate brew and made just a tweaked version of their IPA.
More to come, obviously.
|Canadian Ale in 1909 (part two)|
|Beauport Brewing||Beauport||India Pale Ale||IPA||1046.9||1009.1||5.24||80.60%|
|The National Breweries||Montreal||Ecker's Indian Pale Ale||IPA||1050||1009.4||5.63||81.20%|
|Dawes & co.||Lachine, PQ||Black Horse India Pale Ale||IPA||1050.8||1005.4||6.24||89.37%|
|Jno.H.R. Molson & Bros||Montreal||India Pale Ale||IPA||1051.4||1006.1||6.24||88.13%|
|John Labatt||Ottawa||India Pale Ale||IPA||1053.4||1009.7||6.10||81.84%|
|Dawes & co.||Ottawa||Dawes India Pale Ale||IPA||1055||1007.3||6.63||86.73%|
|Reinhardt & Sons||Montreal||XXX Pale Ale||Pale Ale||1036.5||1003.6||4.63||90.14%|
|Silver Springs Brewery||Sherbrooke||Ale||Pale Ale||1043.4||1007.4||5.00||82.95%|
|Rock Springs Brewery||Quebec||Ale||Pale Ale||1046.3||1009.6||5.16||79.27%|
|Silver Springs Brewery||Sherbrooke||Ale||Pale Ale||1046.3||1007||5.24||84.88%|
|L. Davis||Ottawa||O'Keefe's Amber Ale||Pale Ale||1047.6||1010.1||5.24||78.78%|
|Capital Brewing Co.||Ottawa||Capital Ale||Pale Ale||1049.4||1006.1||6.02||87.65%|
|James Roy||Belleville||Ale||Pale Ale||1049.5||1006.1||6.02||87.68%|
|Jno.H.R. Molson & Bros||Montreal||Ale||Pale Ale||1049.7||1004.3||6.24||91.35%|
|John Labatt||London, Ont.||Ale||Pale Ale||1051.7||1008||6.02||84.53%|
|Carling Brewing & Malting||Ottawa||Pale Bitter Ale||Pale Ale||1055.8||1009.7||6.32||82.62%|
|Port Hope Brewing & Malting||Port Hope||Ale||Pale Ale||1056.2||1008.1||6.63||85.59%|
|John Fisher||Portsmouth||Ale||Pale Ale||1057.9||1006.6||7.01||88.60%|
|J. McCarthy & Sons||Prescott||Ale||Pale Ale||1059.3||1007.9||7.01||86.68%|
|John Labatt||Ottawa||Extra Stock||Stock Ale||1055.6||1009.7||6.32||82.55%|
|"Ale and lager beer" by McGill, A. (Anthony), 1910, pages 4 - 19.|