Price lists can be very handy. They tell you not just which beers a brewer made, but also their relative strengths.
|Heineken prices in 1886|
|Beer||price per litre (cents)|
|"Korte Geschiedenis der Heineken's Bierbrouwerij Maatschappij N.V. 1873 - 1948", by H. A. Korthals, 1948, page 117.|
I’m surprised buy a couple of things here. First, that the price of Gerste and Pilsner were so close. Second, that they brewed two Dark Lagers, Beiersch and Münchener. Based on the price, the Münchener was probably about 14º Plato.
More Lagers in the 1880’s
Here are the Lagers of Holland’s first bottom-fermenting brewery
Rotterdamsch Nieuwsblad 24th December 1886, page 4.
|Kon. Ned. Beijersch- Bierbrouwerij beers in 1886|
|Beer||per bottle (cents)|
|Rotterdamsch Nieuwsblad 24th December 1886, page 4.|
This list has me slightly confused. What was the difference between their Beiersch and Münchener? They’re both Dark Lagers, presumably, so what distinguished one from the other? At Heineken it was obvious, the Münchener was stronger. Here they’re the same price.
At what was Erlanger Bier? Another Bavarian type, obviously. It’s in Franconia, so my bet would be very dark and quite bitter.
The only analyses I have from the period don’t tell me much, other than that, at around 13º Plato, they were standard strength for the day.
|Wahl & Henius, pages 823-830|
One other thing: they were relatively highly attenuated.
Heineken Lagers in the 1890’s
From this next price list, we can see that Heineken also produced a higher-strength pale Lager in the 1890’s, Export.
Rotterdamsch Nieuwsblad 22nd February 1895, page 4.
My guess would be that the Export and Münchener were both close to 14º Plato, the Pilsener around 13º, Gerste 12º Plato and Tafelbier – which looks like what was later called Lagerbier - 10º Plato.