It's getting dead exciting now, as we see to what extent brewers have embraced the freedom to use whatever ingredients they choose.
Which, in the case of Tetley, is not at all. Which isn't to say that they haven't changed their grists. They're still all malt, but have moved from 100% pale malt to a mixture of pale and mild malt. How exciting. I don't think I'll be able to sleep tonight.
The London Milds have grists all over the shop. They don't even all use pale malt as a base. Fullers go for an amber malt base, in one Barclay Perkins beer, it's white malt. Then there are the special malts: brown in one Barclay Perkins beer, crystal in another. Barclay Perkins also have flaked rice in one beer, the only adjunct to show up.
Not even sugar is a constant. A couple of the examples from Barclay Perkins contain none. Unfortunately, it isn't specified what most of them are. My guess would be No. 2 invert, but I could be wrong.
The Barclay Perkins recipes are an odd bunch, with by far the widest range of ingredients. It looks to me like they were still experimenting. I was so shocked to see all that brown malt in one that I went back to the original log to check. Definitely brown malt.
You may have noticed that I've changed the name of one of the Truman beers from X Ale to D Ale. Just me not reading the log properly. It seems that their slightly weaker Mild did have a name of its own.
What does all this tell us? That Mild recipes were in a period of flux with new ingredients being tried out. It settled down again later, with grists from different breweries coming more into line. But we'll see that as we progress through the decades with Tetley Mild as our guide.
In terms of hop sources, Tetley are about in the middle of the pack. They use ones from Germany (Altmark and Alsace), Austria (Bohemia) and the two main English regions (Kent and Worcester). Fullers, with all English hops and Whitbread with English and Bavarian hops are the most conservative. While Barclay Perkins and Truman both went for a combination of English and American hops.
It demonstrates nicely how British brewers sourced hops from all over the world.
That's it for now. But I'll be back soon with the 1890's.
|Tetley Mild grists in 1888|
|Date||Year||Beer||OG||FG||ABV||pale malt||MA malt||hops|
|10th May||1888||X||1046.0||1016.6||3.88||75.00%||25.00%||Kent, Alsace and Altmark hops|
|11th May||1888||X||1046.0||1016.1||3.96||75.00%||25.00%||Kent, Alsace and Altmark hops|
|11th May||1888||X1||1053.7||1016.6||4.91||37.50%||62.50%||Kent, Alsace and Altmark hops|
|11th May||1888||X2||1062.6||1016.6||6.08||37.50%||62.50%||Kent, Alsace and Altmark hops|
|9th May||1888||X2||1063.2||1018.8||5.86||50.00%||50.00%||Kent, Worcester, Altmark and Alsace hops.|
|14th May||1888||X2||1063.2||1016.6||6.16||37.50%||62.50%||Kent, Alsace and Altmark hops|
|13th Jun||1888||X3||1071.2||1016.1||7.29||49.49%||50.51%||Kent, Worcester and Bohemian hops.|
|Tetley brewing record held at the West Yorkshire Archive Service document number WYL756/44/ACC1903|
|London Mild grists 1886 - 1888|
|Date||Year||Brewer||Beer||OG||FG||ABV||pale malt||brown malt||amber malt||crystal malt||white malt||no. 1 sugar||other sugar||flaked rice||hops|
|28th Dec||1886||Barclay Perkins||X||1060.0||1012.2||6.33||3.90%||74.13%||11.56%||10.40%||Farnham and MK Hops|
|24th Jun||1886||Barclay Perkins||X||1064.0||1015.0||6.49||72.57%||27.43%||American and MK hops|
|21st May||1886||Barclay Perkins||XX||1076.0||1022.7||7.05||100.00%||EK and Worcester hops|
|17th Aug||1886||Barclay Perkins||XX||1076.0||1022.4||7.09||85.71%||14.29%||American and EK hops|
|1st Mar||1888||Whitbread||X||1060.7||1016.9||5.79||92.31%||7.69%||Bavarian and English hops|
|1st Mar||1888||Whitbread||XK||1068.1||1020.8||6.27||92.31%||7.69%||Bavarian and English hops|
|23rd Apr||1887||Fuller||X||1054.6||1020.5||4.51||73.69%||26.31%||Worcester and Kent hops|
|23rd Apr||1887||Fuller||XX||1064.8||1023.3||5.50||73.69%||26.31%||Worcester and Kent hops|
|12th Jul||1886||Truman||D Ale||1052.6||88.48%||11.52%||American and English hops|
|12th Jul||1886||Truman||X Ale||1058.7||88.48%||11.52%||American and English hops|
|18th May||1886||Truman||X Ale||1058.7||86.78%||13.22%||American, Californian and Kent hops|
|Whitbread brewing record held at the London Metropolitan Archives document number LMA/4453/D/01/053.|
|Fullers brewing record held at the brewery.|
|Truman brewing record held at the London Metropolitan Archives document number B/THB/C/166.|
|Barclay Perkins brewing records held at the London Metropolitan Archives document numbers ACC/2305/1/583 and ACC/2305/1/584.|