Obtaining meaningful statistics spanning a century or so is pretty tricky in central Europe, where the borders have moved a few times. And countries have come and gone. You can just about put together some modern countries from the numbers below. The Czech Republic, for example, is Böhmen and Mahren (Bohemia and Moravia). Modern Austria is approximately Niederösterreich, Oberösterreich, Salzburg, Steiermark, Kärnthen and Tirol und Vorarlberg. Though part of Tirol is now in Italy.
Now I've come up with enough bullshit for there to be room for a nice beer label, we can get on with looking at the numbers. In particular, I'll be mentioning a point I touched on recently: where was the first industrialised Austrian brewing? I would have got it wrong, had I guessed.
Here's the table:
|Austrian beer production and no. breweries in 1865|
|Kronländer||no. breweries||output (Austrian eimer)||output (hl)||beer tax (Austrian guilders)||average output per brewery (hl)|
|Tirol und Vorarlberg||143||291,843||165,198||332,282||1,155.23|
|Ungarn und Serbien||286||846,383||479,097||854,114||1,675.16|
|Croatien und Slavonien||27||45,522||25,768||44,706||954.36|
|“Bericht über der Welt_Ausstellung zu Paris im Jahre 1867, volume 7”, 1868, page 125.|
Take a look at the production by brewery column. You'll see, I'm sure, that one region was way ahead of the others: Niederösterreich. In particular Vienna. 1,388,257hl of the Niederösterreich total was brewed in Vienna.
But think about it more deeply and it's not such a surprise. Vienna was a large and comparatively wealthy city, capital of a large empire. And it was Dreher's brewery in Vienna, not Bürgerbräu in Pilsen, that kick started the modernisation of the Austrian brewing industry. The 22 breweries in Vienna produced on average 63,102 hl. Massively more than the average of around 2,000 hl. Dreher's brewery at Kleinschwechat was the largest in the country, producing 230,995 hl in 1865. The second largest Liesing, also in Vienna, churned out just 155,778.
That's it. For the moment. But you never know when I might get an Austro-Hungarian urge again.