Saturday, 3 August 2019

Let's Brew - 1944 Barclay Perkins X

Since 1930, Barclay’s X had fallen considerably in gravity. Back then it had an OG of 1042º, but events had conspired against it.

First came the disastrous Snowden emergency budget in September 1931. It prompted most breweries to cut the gravities of their beers so that could still be sold at the pre-budget price. Barclay Perkins dropped the OG of X to 1037º, but at the same time introduced XX at the old X gravity. WW II then forced the strength of X down further.

As a result of the gravity cuts, X looks very much like a typical post-war Mild at 3% ABV.

Other than the adjuncts employed, the grist isn’t much different from in previous years. The backbone remains: base malt, amber malt and crystal malt. Though the base malts did consist of various combinations of pale, mild and SA malt.

The colour mostly came from No. 3 invert and caramel. Which is pretty typical for Mild Ales.

The hops were Kent Fuggles from the 1941 and 1943 harvests, plus Mid-Kent Fuggles from 1943.

1944 Barclay Perkins X
mild malt 5.00 lb 70.03%
crystal malt 60 L 0.33 lb 4.62%
amber malt 0.50 lb 7.00%
flaked barley 0.50 lb 7.00%
No. 3 invert sugar 0.75 lb 10.50%
caramel 1000 SRM 0.06 lb 0.84%
Fuggles 90 mins 0.25 oz
Fuggles 60 mins 0.25 oz
Fuggles 30 mins 0.25 oz
OG 1032
FG 1009
ABV 3.04
Apparent attenuation 71.88%
IBU 20
SRM 13
Mash at 144º F
After underlet 150º F
Sparge at 165º F
Boil time 90 minutes
pitching temp 61º F
Yeast Wyeast 1099 Whitbread ale

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