Wandering in an idle daze through the web, I stubbed my toe on this pavement: Historical Extreme Beers. It's a powerpoint of presentation given by Mitch Steele of Stone to an American homebrewers' conference. "What's so interesting about that, Ron?" One of the images. An image that's cracked some of William Younger's beer codes.
Let's take a peek.
XP is India Pale Ale. Brilliant! It pops up in Younger's brewing records all over the place. I knew it was some sort of Pale Ale, but hadn't realised it was marketed as India Pale Ale. Dead handy to know.
The other descriptions are just as useful. X, XX and XXX were Mild Ales as I'd suspected. Hadn't known XXXX was Stock Ale, though. Then there are the beers called Edinburgh Ale. The numbered Ales. Combined with the Edinburgh Mild Ales they form a range of beers very similar to the Burton Ales of Bass.
Let's compare the two:
|Bass beers in 1879|
|India Pale Ale||IPA||60||1060|
|No. 1||Burton Ale||84||1110|
|No. 2||Burton Ale||72||1090|
|No. 3||Burton Ale||60||1085|
|No. 3a||Burton Ale (Old Ale)||66||1085|
|No. 3b||Burton Ale (Bottling)||66||1075|
|No. 4||Burton Mild Ale||54||1070|
|No. 5||Burton Mild Ale||48||1065|
|No. 6||Burton Mild Ale||42||1060|
|Bass price list|
|William Younger beers in 1883|
|No. 1||Edinburgh Ale||84||1101|
|No. 2||Edinburgh Ale||72||1086|
|No. 3||Edinburgh Ale||60||1074|
|XXXX||Edinburgh Stock Ale||60||1079|
|XXX||Edinburgh Mild Ale||54||1066|
|XX||Edinburgh Mild Ale||50||1057|
|X||Edinburgh Mild Ale||42||1047|
|William Younger brewing records held at the Scottish Brewing Archive|
|William Younger price list|
You have to admit that they're very similar. The numbered Ales have exactly the same price and the gravities aren't much different either. I know I keep banging on about this, but the evidence continues to pile up that Burton Ale and Edinburgh Ale were pretty much the same thing.
The similarities don't stop with the Ales. Younger's Export IPA also bears an uncanny resemblance to Bass's IPA.
I've rambled off my path again. Before I step off a cliff, let's get back on track. Scottish IPA. That's what I'm meant to be talking about.
Now I've looked at the price list again, I'm uncertain as to the description of XXP. I first assumed it was Export India Pale Ale. But the way that "do." is placed, it could also be Export Pale Ale. Ignoring that doubt, here's a table of Younger's IPAs:
|William Younger IPAs|
|Date||Year||Beer||Style||OG||FG||ABV||App. Attenuation||lbs hops/ qtr||hops lb/brl||boil time (hours)||boil time (hours)||Pitch temp||dry hops (oz / barrel)|
|William Younger Brewing records held at the Scottish Brewing Archive|
I can't discuss Scottish beer without mentioning hopping. The IPA's of the 1850's above, with 4 to 8 pounds of hops per barrel could not be described as lightly hopped. The hopping rate falls in the later examples, but the half pound to a pound of dry hops per barrel would have made them pretty hoppy nonetheless.
I've included the boil times and pitching temperature so you can see that neither were they fermented cold nor boiled for ages. Because these things can never be said too often. I realise it's like the old lady piddling in the sea. But I have to do something.
It seems to be turning into IPA week. Purely accidental, I assure you.