Monday, 4 June 2018

Draught Scottish 70/- Pale Ale 1947 - 1965

70/-, or Heavy, was the Scottish equivalent of English Ordinary Bitter. Though, as with 60/-, the gravity range was much more limited than in England.

An English Ordinary Bitter could be anywherre from 1029º to 1038º. While Scottish 70/- always hovered around 1037º

I was slightly gobsmacked to realise that I drank thre of the beers in the table below: Maclay, Lorimer and William Younger. The last was reasonably common all over the UK. Maclay was only really available in Scotland. While Lorimer, owned by Vaux, was quite common in Cumbria and the Northeast, where Vaux owned pubs.  In fact BEst Scotch was often the only cask beer in Vaux pubs.

I can't say that any of the three stood out as being particularly different from English Bitter. Though, now I've looked at brewing records, I know that they were more lightly hopped than most English beers.

Though the examples below are in the normal colour range for Bitter, I know that most Scottish brewers coloured up their Pale Ales, depending on where they were to be sold. As brewed, they were fairly pale, but a good dose of caramel at racking time could see to that.

80/- next.

Draught Scottish 70/- Pale Ale 1947 - 1965
Year Brewer Beer Price per pint (d) OG FG ABV App. Atten-uation colour
1958 Bernard No. 2 1036 1011 3.24 69.44%
1951 Maclay SPA 1038 1015 3.04 60.53%
1964 McEwans Best Scotch 17 1038.1 1007.1 3.87 81.36% 30
1953 Steel Coulson PXA P. 70/- 19 1034
1960 Tennant Best Bitter 16 1038.3 1006.05 4.20 84.20%
1947 Usher PA 70/- 1037.5 1008.5 3.77 77.33%
1964 Vaux Best Scotch 17 1036.3 1006.6 3.71 81.82% 30
1965 Vaux Lorimer Best Scotch 18 1036.4 1006.3 3.76 82.69% 26
1950 Wm. Younger Pale Ale 16 1039.8 27
1951 Wm. Younger Pale Ale 16 1036.9 27
1964 Wm. Younger XXPS 17 1038.8 1009.2 3.70 76.29% 24
Average 17.0 1037.3 1008.7 3.66 76.71% 27.3
Thomas Usher Gravity Book held at the Scottish Brewing Archive, document number TU/6/11.
Truman Gravity Book held at the London Metropolitan Archives, document number B/THB/C/252
Whitbread Gravity book held at the London Metropolitan Archives, document number LMA/4453/D/02/002.
T & J Bernard's brewing records held at the Scottish Brewing Archive.
Maclay brewing record held at the Scottish Brewing Archive, document number M/6/1/1/28
document from the Steel Coulson archive held at the Scottish Brewing Archives
Which Beer Report, 1960, pages 171 - 173.


Mike in NSW said...

Lorimers and McEwans scotches, depending on whether you were drinking in a Scottish and Newcastle pub or a Vaux (more common South of the Tyne) pub, were dark beers much like a southern mild.

Federation ordinary tank ale in the clubs was pale, like its big brother Fed Special, but on ordering it, most of the old geezers specified "Fed Scotch".

Ron Pattinson said...

Mike in NSW,

I drank Lorimers Scotch on multiple occasions and it was the same colour as Bitter. Though, being from Scotland, it might well have come in a variety of colours.

Mike in NSW said...

Yes I remember from holidays in Scotland that the "heavy" was usually bitter coloured. There was a dreadful example, Guards Heavy from Tennents.

No doubt they may have coloured up the Lorimers Scotch headed for Tyneside to match their main competitor McEwans.

Good old Geordie ad here for the McEwans Best Scotch if you can stand the sight of the mullet. arrggh.

Mike in NSW said...

Come to think of it, as Lorimers was sold in Vaux pubs then the North Eastern version would have been mostly brewed in Sunderland. "Badge engineering".

Ron Pattinson said...

Mike in NSW,

pretty sure all the Lorimers was brewed in Edinburgh.