Gordon Highland Scotch Ale and Gordon Xmas Ale. They were originally brewed by George Younger. (Note that Alloa, like Edinburgh where it was later brewed, is nowhere near the Highlands.) They were some of the beers that helped define Belgian-style Scotch Ale. Strong, dark Ales of 8% ABV or so. Though you'll notice that Gordon Highland Scotch Ale wasn't all that dark. Colour values of 55 and 60 are just about brown.
Interestingly, the Strong Ale produced for domestic consumption was darker, though at 6% ABV, quite a bit weaker. Now here's a thing. There wasn't much in the way of Strong Ale brewed in England after WW II. There were the odd ones like Bass No. 1, Colne Spring Ale or Gold Label, but they weren't a standard part of every brewery's range. Not so in Scotland. Strong Ale carried on much as it had before the war, except gravities had been pegged back a little.
Heavy Export Ale. There are a few examples of that in the table. What was it - Heavy or Export? Judging by the gravity, I'd say Export. If you can remember - and if you can't I'm going to keep reminding you - "heavy" is Scottish brewing parlance meant nothing more than "strong". I'd love to know when it became so closely associated with a specific type of Pale Ale. From what I've seen so far, definitely after WW II.
I've been saving the best until last. Scottish breweries had never been that enthusiastic about Stout. Yes, they brewed it, but in a fairly desultory way. And they moved from the older dry types to very sweet versions much earlier than English breweries, starting in the 19th century. To most eyes Younger's Extra Stout, with a mere 52% attenuation, would seem pretty damn sweet. Until they'd got a look at Sweetheart Stout with just 30-odd% attenuation. And at around 1.5% ABV, it counts as a low-alcohol beer.
What does it tell us about Scottish tastes that the only beer still to bear the George Younger name is Sweetheart Stout? I'd love to try it. It looks more like a Malzbier than a Stout. Anyone know where I can score a bottle (or a can)?
The more I think about it, the more these Younger beers demonstrate 20th-century trends in Scottish brewing. Pale Ales, Strong Ales and the odd very sweet Stout. Only Lager is missing. That was the speciality of another Alloa brewery - the Alloa Brewery.
Here's the table:
|George Younger beers 1940 - 1961|
|1940||Pale Ale||Pale Ale||pint||bottled||1007||1035||3.64||80.00%|
|1940||Pale Ale||Pale Ale||pint||bottled||1008.5||1033.5||3.24||74.63%|
|1941||Pale Ale||Pale Ale||pint||bottled||1012.5||1037||3.17||66.22%|
|1946||60/- Ale||Pale Ale||pint||bottled||1007.5||1029.5||2.85||74.58%|
|1947||80/- Ale||Pale Ale||16d||pint||bottled||1009||1039.5||3.96||77.22%|
|1947||India Pale Ale 120/-||IPA||14d||half pint||bottled||1010||1042||4.16||76.19%|
|1948||Heavy Export Ale||Pale Ale||1/5.5d||half pint||bottled||0.08||1014||1047.7||23.5||4.37||70.65%|
|1948||Heavy Export Ale||Pale Ale||pint||bottled||1016||1048.5||4.21||67.01%|
|1949||Heavy Export Ale||Pale Ale||pint||bottled||1016.5||1047||3.94||64.89%|
|1950||Gordon Highland Scotch Ale||Scotch Ale||bottled||0.90||1031.1||1091.2||1 + 40||7.81||65.90%|
|1950||Gordon Xmas Ale (bottled in Antwerp)||Scotch Ale||bottled||0.10||1032.3||1090.7||2 + 40||7.58||64.39%|
|1952||Gordon Highland Scotch Ale||Scotch Ale||bottled||0.08||1026.5||1081.8||2.5 + 40||7.19||67.60%|
|1953||Strong Ale||Strong Ale||14.5d||nip||bottled||0.06||1021.9||1067.6||13 + 40||5.93||67.60%|
|1954||Extra Stout||Stout||1/2d||half pint||bottled||0.05||1018||1037.5||1 + 30||2.51||52.00%|
|1954||Heavy Export Ale||Pale Ale||bottled||0.06||1011.1||1044.7||19||4.36||75.17%|
|1954||Gordon Highland Scotch Ale (purchased in Belgium)||Scotch Ale||bottled||0.06||1028||1090.9||60||8.20||69.20%|
|1955||Extra Stout||Stout||15d||half pint||bottled||0.05||1015.8||1038.5||575||2.93||58.96%|
|1955||Strong Ale||Strong Ale||15d||nip||bottled||0.05||1022.3||1067.6||100||5.87||67.01%|
|1955||Heavy Export Ale||Pale Ale||15d||half pint||bottled||0.06||1012||1043.9||27||4.14||72.67%|
|1955||Gordon Highland Scotch Ale (purchased in Belgium)||Scotch Ale||bottled||0.07||1029.9||1090.3||55||7.86||66.89%|
|1955||Treble Top Ale||Pale Ale||21d||16 oz||can||0.05||1006.6||1031.2||37.5||3.19||78.85%|
|1955||Sweetheart Stout||Stout||26d||16 oz||can||0.04||1024.5||1036.4||225||1.52||32.69%|
|1956||Sweetheart Stout||Stout||1/3d||half pint||bottled||0.04||1024.6||1037.6||225||1.66||34.57%|
|1959||Sparkling Ale||Pale Ale||10d||half pint||bottled||0.05||1006.6||1026.6||30||2.59||75.19%|
|1959||Sparkling Ale||Pale Ale||12d||half pint||bottled||0.05||1024.5||1031.8||45||0.93||22.96%|
|1961||Husky Heavy Export Ale||Pale Ale||15d||half pint||bottled||0.05||1013.8||1042.8||25||3.63||67.76%|
|Thomas Usher Gravity Book document TU/6/11 held at the Scottish Brewing Archive|
|Whitbread Gravity Book document LMA/4453/D/02/002 held at the London Metropolitan Archives|