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Monday, 19 August 2019

Provincial English Mild before WW II

The classes of Mild brewed in the provinces were exactly the same as in London: 4d, 5d and 6d. The strengths they were brewed to were much the same, too. Not really a surprise, when tax made up around a third of the retail price.  

Regional brewers tended to stick to just a single Mild, either in the 4d or 5d category. Out in the countryside especially, Milds were already about as weak as a serious beer could get – 1029ยบ or so. Which did at least mean that the war couldn’t reduce their strength significantly.

Outside London, Milds in the 6d price category seem to have been only brewed in parts of country. The examples in the table below all come from areas that were both Mild drinking strongholds and very industrial: Hull, Birmingham and South Wales. Some of these Milds are a bit stronger than anything brewed in London: over 4,5% ABV.

The examples in the 4d category, on the other hand, come from more rural areas: East Anglia, Kent and Sussex.


Provincial Mild Ale before WW II
Year Brewer Beer Price per pint (d) OG FG ABV App. Atten-uation colour
1935 Leney & Co X 4 1028 1006 2.85 78.57%
1936 Greene King Ale 4 1028.9
1936 Wells & Winch Ale 4 1031.8
1937 Tamplin Draught LA 4 1032.7 1007.3 3.30 77.68%
1934 Steward & Patteson XX Mild 1030
Average 4 1030.3 1006.7 3.08 78.12%
1935 Shepherd Neame X 5 1039.9
1937 Crosswells Mild  1035
1938 Lees K 1035.0 1005.0 3.97 85.71% 28
Average 5 1034.0 1005.8 3.52 81.92%
1938 Hancock Draught Ale 6 1040.6 1006.1 4.50 84.98%
1938 Phillips Newport Mow Draught Ale 6 1044.5 1010.9 4.36 75.51%
1935 Ansell Ale 6 1047 1009.7 4.85 79.36%
1935 Dare Ale 6 1047 1013.7 4.32 70.85%
1934 Hull Brewery 6d Draught 6 1041 1008 4.29 80.49% 14
Average 6 1044.0 1009.7 4.46 78.24%
Sources:
Whitbread Gravity book held at the London Metropolitan Archives, document number LMA/4453/D/02/001.
“Cardiff Pubs and Breweries” by Brian Glover, 2005. pages 97-101
What's Brewing (Beer) May  2005, p.17; July 2005 p.5
Lees brewing record held at the brewery
Truman Gravity Book held at the London Metropolitan Archives, document number B/THB/C/252.

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